A Review of CYP3A Drug-Drug Interaction Studies: Practical Guidelines for Patients Using Targeted Oral Anticancer Drugs

Laura Molenaar-Kuijsten, Dorieke E.M. Van Balen, Jos H. Beijnen, Neeltje Steeghs, Alwin D.R. Huitema

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many oral anticancer drugs are metabolized by CYP3A. Clinical drug-drug interaction (DDI) studies often only examine the effect of strong CYP3A inhibitors and inducers. The effect of moderate or weak inhibitors or inducers can be examined using physiologically based pharmacokinetic simulations, but data from these simulations are not always available early after approval of a drug. In this review we provide recommendations for clinical practice on how to deal with DDIs of oral anticancer drugs if only data from strong CYP3A inhibitors or inducers is available. These recommendations were based on reviewed data of oral anticancer drugs primarily metabolized by CYP3A and approved for the treatment of solid tumors from January 1st, 2013 to December 31st, 2015. In addition, three drugs that were registered before the new EMA guideline was issued (i.e., everolimus, imatinib, and sunitinib), were reviewed. DDIs are often complex, but if no data is available from moderate CYP3A inhibitors/inducers, a change in exposure of 50% compared with strong inhibitors/inducers can be assumed. No a priori dose adaptations are indicated for weak inhibitors/inducers, because their interacting effect is small. In case pharmacologically active metabolites are involved, the metabolic pathway, the ratio of the parent to the metabolites, and the potency of the metabolites should be taken into account.

Original languageEnglish
Article number670862
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • cancer
  • CYP3A inducer
  • CYP3A inhibitor
  • cytochrome P450 enzyme
  • drug interaction
  • kinase inhibitor

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