A trans locus causes a ribosomopathy in hypertrophic hearts that affects mRNA translation in a protein length-dependent fashion

Franziska Witte, Jorge Ruiz-Orera, Camilla Ciolli Mattioli, Susanne Blachut, Eleonora Adami, Jana Felicitas Schulz, Valentin Schneider-Lunitz, Oliver Hummel, Giannino Patone, Michael Benedikt Mücke, Jan Šilhavý, Matthias Heinig, Leonardo Bottolo, Daniel Sanchis, Martin Vingron, Marina Chekulaeva, Michal Pravenec, Norbert Hubner, Sebastiaan van Heesch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Little is known about the impact of trans-acting genetic variation on the rates with which proteins are synthesized by ribosomes. Here, we investigate the influence of such distant genetic loci on the efficiency of mRNA translation and define their contribution to the development of complex disease phenotypes within a panel of rat recombinant inbred lines.

RESULTS: We identify several tissue-specific master regulatory hotspots that each control the translation rates of multiple proteins. One of these loci is restricted to hypertrophic hearts, where it drives a translatome-wide and protein length-dependent change in translational efficiency, altering the stoichiometric translation rates of sarcomere proteins. Mechanistic dissection of this locus across multiple congenic lines points to a translation machinery defect, characterized by marked differences in polysome profiles and misregulation of the small nucleolar RNA SNORA48. Strikingly, from yeast to humans, we observe reproducible protein length-dependent shifts in translational efficiency as a conserved hallmark of translation machinery mutants, including those that cause ribosomopathies. Depending on the factor mutated, a pre-existing negative correlation between protein length and translation rates could either be enhanced or reduced, which we propose to result from mRNA-specific imbalances in canonical translation initiation and reinitiation rates.

CONCLUSIONS: We show that distant genetic control of mRNA translation is abundant in mammalian tissues, exemplified by a single genomic locus that triggers a translation-driven molecular mechanism. Our work illustrates the complexity through which genetic variation can drive phenotypic variability between individuals and thereby contribute to complex disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number191
Pages (from-to)191
JournalGenome biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2021


  • Animals
  • Cardiomegaly/genetics
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Genetic Variation
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Myocardium/metabolism
  • Organelle Biogenesis
  • Peptide Chain Initiation, Translational
  • Quantitative Trait Loci
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • RNA, Small Nucleolar/genetics
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred SHR
  • Rats, Transgenic
  • Ribosomal Proteins/genetics
  • Ribosomes/genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genetics
  • Sarcomeres/metabolism


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