Anthracycline-induced clinical heart failure in a cohort of 607 children: Long-term follow-up study

L. C.M. Kremer, E. C. Van Dalen, M. Offringa, J. Ottenkamp, P. A. Voûte

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354 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To determine the early and late cumulative incidence of anthracycline-induced clinical heart failure (A-CHF) after anthracycline therapy in childhood and to identify associated risk factors. Patients and Methods: The cumulative incidence of A-CHF and the risk factors of A-CHF were assessed in a cohort of 607 children who had been treated with anthracyclines between 1976 and 1996. For 96% of the cohort, we obtained the clinical status up to at least January 1997. The mean follow-up time was 6.3 years. Results: The cumulative incidence of A-CHF was 2.8%, after a mean follow-up time of 6.3 years and a mean cumulative dose of anthracyclines of 301 mg/m2. A cumulative dose of anthracycline higher than 300 mg/m2 was associated with an increased risk of A-CHF (relative risk, 11.8; 95% confidence interval, 1.6 to 59.5) compared with a cumulative dose lower than 300 mg/m2. The estimated risk of A-CHF increased with time after the start of anthracycline chemotherapy to 2% after 2 years and 5% after 15 years. Conclusion: Up to 5% of patients will develop A-CHF 15 years after treatment, and patients treated with a cumulative dose of anthracyclines higher than 300 mg/m2 are at highest risk for A-CHF. This is thus a considerable and serious problem among these young patients. The findings reinforce the need for strategies for early detection of patients at risk for A-CHF and for the evaluation of other chemotherapeutic possibilities or cardioprotective agents in relation to the survival.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-196
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes


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