Cancer Induces a Stress Ileopathy Depending on b-Adrenergic Receptors and Promoting Dysbiosis that Contributes to Carcinogenesis

Satoru Yonekura, Safae Terrisse, Carolina Alves Costa Silva, Antoine Lafarge, Valerio Iebba, Gladys Ferrere, Anne Gaëlle Goubet, Jean Eudes Fahrner, Imran Lahmar, Kousuke Ueda, Gibrail Mansouri, Eugénie Pizzato, Pierre Ly, Marine Mazzenga, Cassandra Thelemaque, Marine Fidelle, Fanny Jaulin, Jérôme Cartry, Marc Deloger, Marine AglaveNathalie Droin, Paule Opolon, Angélique Puget, Fanny Mann, Michel Neunlist, Anne Bessard, Laetitia Aymeric, Tamara Matysiak-Budnik, Jacques Bosq, Paul Hofman, Connie P.M. Duong, Sophie Ugolini, Valentin Quiniou, Sylvie Berrard, Bernhard Ryffel, Oliver Kepp, Guido Kroemer, Bertrand Routy, Leonardo Lordello, Mohamed Amine Bani, Nicola Segata, Fjodor Yousef Yengej, Hans Clevers, Jean Yves Scoazec, Edoardo Pasolli, Lisa Derosa, Laurence Zitvogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gut dysbiosis has been associated with intestinal and extraintestinal malignancies, but whether and how carcinogenesis drives compositional shifts of the microbiome to its own benefit remains an open conundrum. Here, we show that malignant processes can cause ileal mucosa atrophy, with villous microvascular constriction associated with dominance of sympathetic over cholinergic signaling. The rapid onset of tumorigenesis induced a burst of REG3γ release by ileal cells, and transient epithelial barrier permeability that culminated in overt and long-lasting dysbiosis dominated by Gram-positive Clostridium species. Pharmacologic blockade of β-adrenergic receptors or genetic deficiency in Adrb2 gene, vancomycin, or cohousing of tumor bearers with tumor-free lit-termates prevented cancer-induced ileopathy, eventually slowing tumor growth kinetics. Patients with cancer harbor distinct hallmarks of this stress ileopathy dominated by Clostridium species. Hence, stress ileopathy is a corollary disease of extraintestinal malignancies requiring specific therapies. SIGNIFICANCE: Whether gut dysbiosis promotes tumorigenesis and how it controls tumor progression remain open questions. We show that 50% of transplantable extraintestinal malignancies triggered a β-adrenergic receptor–dependent ileal mucosa atrophy, associated with increased gut permeability, sustained Clostridium spp.–related dysbiosis, and cancer growth. Vancomycin or propranolol prevented cancer-associated stress ileopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1128-1151
Number of pages24
JournalCancer Discovery
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

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