Differentially expressed miRNAs in cytogenetic and molecular subtypes of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia

Astrid A. Danen-van Oorschot, Jenny E. Kuipers, Susan Arentsen-Peters, Diana Schotte, Valerie de Haas, Jan Trka, André Baruchel, Dirk Reinhardt, Rob Pieters, C. Michel Zwaan, Marry M. van den Heuvel-Eibrink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: miRNAs regulate gene expression, and thus play an important role in critical cellular processes. Aberrant miRNA expression patterns have been found in various types of cancer. So far, information about the expression of miRNAs in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia is limited. Procedure: We studied expression of miR-29a, -155, -196a, and -196b by stem-loop based RT-qPCR in 82 pediatric acute myeloid leukemia patients selected to represent relevant cytogenetic and molecular subgroups. Results: High miR-196a and -b expression was observed in patients carrying MLL gene rearrangements (P<0.001), NPM1 mutations (P<0.001), or FLT3-ITD in a cytogenetically normal background (P≤0.02), compared to all other patients. In contrast, CEBPA mutated cases had a low expression of miR-196a and -b (P≤0.001). Expression of miR-196a and -b was correlated with expression of neighboring HOXA and HOXB genes (Spearman's r=0.46-0.82, P<0.01). Expression of miR-155 was not related to cytogenetic features but high expression of miR-155 was observed in FLT3-ITD (P=0.001) and NPM1-mutated cases (P=0.04). Lower miR-29a expression was mainly observed in MLL-rearranged pediatric acute myeloid leukemia, specifically in cases carrying t(10;11) (P<0.001). Conclusions: We show aberrant expression of specific miRNAs in clinically relevant cytogenetic and molecular subgroups of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia, suggesting a role for these miRNAs in the underlying biology in these specific subgroups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-721
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • MiR-155
  • MiR-196
  • MiR-29a
  • MiRNAs
  • Pediatric AML

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