Generation of Human Kidney Tubuloids from Tissue and Urine

Camilla Calandrini, Jarno Drost

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Adult stem cell (ASC)-derived human kidney epithelial organoids, or tubuloids, can be established from healthy and diseased kidney epithelium with high efficiency. Normal kidney tubuloids recapitulate many aspects of their tissue of origin. They represent distinct nephron segments - most notably of the proximal tubule, loop of Henle, distal tubules, and collecting duct - and can be used to study normal kidney physiology. Furthermore, tubuloid technology facilitates disease modeling, e.g., for infectious diseases as well as for cancer. Obtaining kidney epithelial cells for tubuloid generation is, however, dependent on leftover surgical material (such as partial) nephrectomies) or needle biopsies. The ability to grow tubuloids from urine would provide an alternative, less invasive source of healthy kidney epithelial cells. It has been previously shown that tubuloid cultures can be successfully generated from only a few milliliters of freshly collected urine. This article describes the protocols to generate and propagate ASC-derived human kidney tubuloid cultures from tissue and urine samples.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of visualized experiments : JoVE
Issue number170
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Adult
  • Adult Stem Cells
  • Epithelium
  • Humans
  • Kidney/cytology
  • Organoids
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Urine/cytology


Dive into the research topics of 'Generation of Human Kidney Tubuloids from Tissue and Urine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this