High VEGFC expression is associated with unique gene expression profiles and predicts adverse prognosis in pediatric and adult acute myeloid leukemia

Hendrik J M de Jonge, Peter J M Valk, Nic J G M Veeger, Arja ter Elst, Monique L den Boer, Jacqueline Cloos, Valérie de Haas, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Christian M Zwaan, Willem A Kamps, Bob Löwenberg, Eveline S J M de Bont

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High VEGFC mRNA expression of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts is related to increased in vitro and in vivo drug resistance. Prognostic significance of VEGFC on long-term outcome and its associated gene expression profiles remain to be defined. We studied effect of VEGFC on treatment outcome and investigated gene expression profiles associated with VEGFC using microarray data of 525 adult and 100 pediatric patients with AML. High VEGFC expression appeared strongly associated with reduced complete remission rate (P = .004), reduced overall and event-free survival (OS and EFS) in adult AML (P = .002 and P < .001, respectively). Multivariable analysis established high VEGFC as prognostic indicator independent of cytogenetic risk, FLT3-ITD, NPM1, CEBPA, age, and white blood cell count (P = .038 for OS; P = .006 for EFS). Also, in pediatric AML high VEGFC was related to reduced OS (P = .041). A unique series of differentially expressed genes was identified that distinguished AML with high VEGFC from AML with low VEGFC, that is, 331 up-regulated genes (representative of proliferation, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor activity, signal transduction) and 44 down-regulated genes (eg, related to apoptosis) consistent with a role in enhanced chemoresistance. In conclusion, high VEGFC predicts adverse long-term prognosis and provides prognostic information in addition to well-known prognostic factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1747-54
Number of pages8
JournalBlood
Volume116
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimate
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis
  • Leukocyte Count
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Nucleophosmin
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C/genetics
  • Young Adult

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