Implementation of laparoscopic splenectomy in children and the incidence of portal vein thrombosis diagnosed by ultrasonography

Matthijs W.N. Oomen, Roel Bakx, Minke Van Minden, Rick R. Van Rijn, Marjolein Peters, Hugo A. Heij

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background The aim of this study is to evaluate if symptomatic or asymptomatic PVT, as diagnosed with ultrasonography (US), occurs more often in children after the introduction and implementation of LS compared to open splenectomy. Methods A retrospective cohort of 76 splenectomized patients for benign hematological disease were analyzed, 24 after open splenectomy (OS) and 52 after LS. Results In six of the OS and 40 after LS a postoperative US was obtained. In two patients after LS, a PVT was seen on US. Both patients were symptomatic and also underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The length of stay in the hospital was significantly shorter for LS (median 4.5 days, range 2-12) compared to OS (median 7 days, range 5-12), (P =.00). Median operation time of OS was 65 min (range 35-130 min) and of LS 170 min (range 85-275 min) (P =.00). There was no difference in postoperative complications. Conclusion The risk of developing a PVT after laparoscopic splenectomy seems low, and thus LS is not contraindicated in patients with benign hematological disease. When combining LS and laparoscopic cholecystectomy, prophylactic heparin might be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2276-2280
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatric Surgery
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Children
  • Laparoscopy
  • Portal vein thrombosis
  • Splenectomy
  • Ultrasonography

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