Is age just a number? A population pharmacokinetic study of gemcitabine

René J. Boosman, Marie Rose B.S. Crombag, Nielka P. van Erp, Jos H. Beijnen, Neeltje Steeghs, Alwin D.R. Huitema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Pharmacokinetic exposure to gemcitabine and its metabolite, 2′,2′-difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU), might be altered in elderly compared to their younger counterparts. It is unknown if age-based dose adjustments are necessary to reduce the development of treatment-induced adverse events. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of age on the pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine and dFdU. Methods: Pharmacokinetic sampling following a flexible limited sampling strategy was performed in patients ≥ 70 years after gemcitabine infusion. The data were supplemented with pharmacokinetic data in patients included in four previously conducted clinical trials. Nonlinear mixed effects modelling was performed on the pooled dataset to assess the impact of age on the pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine and dFdU. Results: In total, pharmacokinetic data were available of 197 patients, of whom 83 patients were aged ≥ 70 years (42%). A two-compartment model for both gemcitabine and dFdU with linear clearances from the central compartments described the data best. Age, tested as continuous and categorical (< 70 years versus ≥ 70 years) covariate, did not statistically affect the pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine and dFdU. Conclusion: Age was not of influence on the pharmacokinetics of gemcitabine or its metabolite, dFdU. Age-related dose adjustments for gemcitabine based on pharmacokinetic considerations are not recommended. Trial registration number: NL39647.048.12, registered on May 3rd 2012.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)697-705
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Volume89
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • 2′,2′-Difluorodeoxyuridine
  • Age
  • Gemcitabine
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Precision dosing

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Is age just a number? A population pharmacokinetic study of gemcitabine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this