L4415: Further characterization of the rat model for human acute lymphocytic leukemia

Ted C. Kloosterman, Margret J.C. Tielemans, Anton C.M. Martens, Peter M. Hoogerbrugge, Dirk W. Van Bekkum, Anton Hagenbeek

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3 Citations (Scopus)


The biological properties of a transplantable lymphocytic leukemia, L4415 in the WAG/Rij rat, are described. The radiation-induced L4415 leukemia is characterized as a relatively slowly growing, non-immunogenic, immature T-cell leukemia which shows a reproducible growth pattern upon intravenous (i.v.) transfer. Survival time following i.v. inoculation is inversely related to the number of leukemic cells in the inoculum, which allows a quantitative estimate in terms of log leukemic cell kill of the effect of treatment. The first signs of leukemic growth are found in the bone marrow, the spleen, and the liver. Leukemic cells can be detected in the peripheral blood 13 days after inoculation. Due to replacement of normal hemopoietic tissue by leukemic cells and their number increasing exponentially thereafter, normal hemopoiesis is inhibited in the later stages of the disease as indicated by severe thrombocytopenia and anemia. Death is caused by a combination of splenic rupture, gastrointestinal and pulmonary hemorrhage, and impaired functions of heavily infiltrated organs. Hepatosplenomegaly and lymphadenopathy are prominent features at autopsy. Cyclophosphamide- and radiosensitivity of the clonogenic leukemic cells have been determined, a 2.9 log cell kill could be induced by single dose cyclophosphamide inoculation and a dosage giving a surviving fraction of 0.37 (D0) of 0.99 Gy with an extrapolation number (N) of 8.5 were calculated. Based on these data, the L4415 rat leukemia may be regarded as a relevant model for human acute lymphocytic leukemia and may thus serve to explore new treatment strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1161-1166
Number of pages6
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1992
Externally publishedYes


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