Management of tumors of the chest wall in childhood: a review

Hendrik van den Berg, Rick R van Rijn, Johannes Hm Merks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chest wall tumors in childhood are major challenges with respect to diagnostic workup and treatment. Incidence rate is less than 1 per 1,000,000 and various benign and malignant diseases are noted. From the malignant diseases, Ewing tumors and rhabdomyosarcoma tumors are most often seen. Depending on diagnosis, staging, and age, therapy has to be tailored for each patient, which should be discussed in a multidisciplinary team setting. Radical resection is in most cases the major component of treatment. Use of chemotherapy depends on the diagnosis. In soft-tissue tumors, previously considered to be chemotherapy insensitive, favorable results are currently reported. The role of radiotherapy is debated owing to its pronounced late sequelae in children, but should be added when adequate margins cannot be achieved by surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-21
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of pediatric hematology/oncology
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Child
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lymphoma/diagnosis
  • Male
  • Neuroblastoma/diagnosis
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma/diagnosis
  • Sarcoma, Ewing/diagnosis
  • Thoracic Neoplasms/diagnosis
  • Thoracic Wall/pathology

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