Options for the Interpretation of and Recommendations for Acting on Different PROMs in Daily Clinical Practice Using KLIK

Lotte Haverman, Hedy A. Van Oers, Maud M. Van Muilekom, Martha A. Grootenhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction:This paper describes the different ways in which information is being fed back to health care providers (HCPs) using the Dutch evidence-based KLIK Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) portal (www.hetklikt.nu). KLIK was initially developed for children with a chronic illness and their parents, and recently expanded for use in adult health care. Patients complete online PROMs at home about their health-related quality of life (HRQOL), symptoms and/or psychosocial functioning before an outpatient consultation with their HCP. PROMs are subsequently converted into an individual KLIK electronic (e)PROfile and discussed during the consultation to facilitate systematic attention for HRQOL.Methods for PRO Score Interpretation:KLIK includes a variety of different PROMs. The KLIK ePROfile initially consisted of literal representations of the individual PROM items in the European traffic light colors (red, orange, green) and only one graph. Over the years, the KLIK ePROfile evolved into a broader spectrum of feedback options; (1) literal representation of individual items, (2) summary scores, and (3) graphic representations (4 options).Developing Recommendations for Acting on PRO Results:The primary goal of KLIK is to longitudinally monitor patient and parent self-reported or proxy-reported health outcomes, which means that the focus of KLIK is not mainly on recommending actions for PRO results. However, there are several aids that help interpretation of the KLIK ePROfile and recommendations are given for actions based on PROM scores. The main aid is the KLIK training, which includes a theoretical and a practical part. In the training, 2 tools - a decision tree and a summary of information about the KLIK ePROfile - are given to the HCPs to assist them in using KLIK.Discussion:Customization of a PROM portal is needed for each different patient group and clinical setting. Because the KLIK website is flexible, every PROM (with good psychometric qualities and permission of the publisher) can be built in. However, implementing and feeding back PROMs in pediatric health care encompasses different challenges, because different versions of the same PROM are needed for children of different ages, as well as proxy and self-report versions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S52-S58
JournalMedical Care
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019


  • clinical practice
  • interpretation
  • patient-reported outcomes
  • pediatrics


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