Population pharmacokinetic modeling of factor concentrates in hemophilia: An overview and evaluation of best practice

the OPTI-CLOT study group, SYMPHONY consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The accuracy of pharmacokinetic (PK)-guided dosing depends on the clinical and laboratory data used to construct a population PK model, as well as the patient’s individual PK profile. This review provides a detailed overview of data used for published population PK models for factor VIII (FVIII) and factor IX (FIX) concentrates, to support physicians in their choices of which model best suits each patient. Furthermore, to enhance detailed data collection and documentation, we do suggestions for best practice. A literature search was performed; publications describing prophylactic population PK models for FVIII and FIX concentrates based on original patient data and constructed using nonlinear mixed-effect modeling were included. The following data were collected: detailed demographics, type of product, assessed and included covariates, laboratory specifications, and validation of models. Included models were scored according to our recommendations for best practice, specifically scoring the quality of data documentation as reported. Respectively, 20 models for FVIII and 7 for FIX concentrates were retrieved. Although most models (22/27) included pediatric patients, only 4 reported detailed demographics. The wide range of body weights suggested that overweight and obese adults were represented. Twenty-six models reported the assay applied to measure factor levels, whereas only 16 models named reagents used. Eight models were internally validated using a data subset. This overview presents detailed information on clinical and laboratory data used for published population PK models. We provide recommendations on data collection and documentation to increase the reliability of PK-guided prophylactic dosing of factor concentrates in hemophilia A and B.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4314-4325
Number of pages12
JournalBlood Advances
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2021
Externally publishedYes


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