Trimodality therapy for superior sulcus tumours: Evolution and evaluation of a treatment protocol

C. G. Vos, K. J. Hartemink, J. L.G. Blaauwgeers, J. W.A. Oosterhuis, S. Senan, E. F. Smit, E. Thunnissen, M. A. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: We studied the clinical outcomes of a trimodality protocol used for the treatment of superior sulcus tumours (SST) in a tertiary referral centre. Methods: The details of all patients who underwent treatment for a SST between January 2003 and December 2009 were retrospectively analysed. Following pre-treatment staging, all patients underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin/etoposide, followed by surgery. Outcomes studied were treatment-related complications, pathological response rates, recurrence rates and survival. Results: Fifty-four patients were treated by chemotherapy (cisplatin/etoposide) and concurrent radiotherapy (46-66 Gy) followed by surgical resection. Minimum follow-up was 23 months. No 30-day mortality was observed. A complete (R0) resection was performed in 44 out of 54 patients. None had an R2 resection. Two-year survival was 50% (95%CI: 36.7-63.3). Patients who achieved a pathological complete response (n = 16) had a 2-year survival of 81% (95%CI: 62.1-100.0) versus a 37% 2-year survival (95%CI: 21.5-52.1) in patients with remaining vital tumour in their resection specimens (n = 38; P = 0.003). Five patients developed a local recurrence, and 23 patients a distant metastasis, mainly to the brain (n = 15). Two patients died from causes unrelated to cancer. Conclusions: Trimodality treatment of SST in accordance to our protocol achieved results comparable to previous reports. Pathological response rates to induction were an important prognostic factor, and distant metastasis remains a major problem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-203
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Outcome
  • Pancoast
  • Superior sulcus tumour
  • Survival
  • Trimodality treatment

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Trimodality therapy for superior sulcus tumours: Evolution and evaluation of a treatment protocol'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this