Background: Hospitalized pediatric oncology patients are at risk of severe clinical deterioration. Yet Pediatric Early Warning System (PEWS) scores have not been prospectively validated in these patients. We aimed to determine the predictive performance of the modified BedsidePEWS score for unplanned pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in this patient population. Methods: We performed a prospective cohort study in an 80-bed pediatric oncology hospital in the Netherlands, where care has been nationally centralized. All hospitalized pediatric oncology patients aged 0–18 years were eligible for inclusion. A Cox proportional hazard model was estimated to study the association between BedsidePEWS score and unplanned PICU admissions or CPR. The predictive performance of the model was internally validated by bootstrapping. Results: A total of 1137 patients were included. During the study, 103 patients experienced 127 unplanned PICU admissions and three CPRs. The hazard ratio for unplanned PICU admission or CPR was 1.65 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.59–1.72) for each point increase in the modified BedsidePEWS score. The discriminative ability was moderate (D-index close to 0 and a C-index of 0.83 [95% CI: 0.79–0.90]). Positive and negative predictive values of modified BedsidePEWS score at the widely used cutoff of 8, at which escalation of care is required, were 1.4% and 99.9%, respectively. Conclusion: The modified BedsidePEWS score is significantly associated with requirement of PICU transfer or CPR. In pediatric oncology patients, this PEWS score may aid in clinical decision-making for timing of PICU transfer.
- intensive care
- pediatric early warning score