Value of the Sentinel Node Procedure in Pediatric Extremity Rhabdomyosarcoma: A Systematic Review and Retrospective Cohort Study

Bernadette Jeremiasse, Alida F W van der Steeg, Marta Fiocco, Monique G G Hobbelink, Johannes H M Merks, Jan Godzinski, Barry L Shulkin, Marc H W A Wijnen, Cecilia E J Terwisscha van Scheltinga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Our aim is to show whether the sentinel node procedure (SNP) is recommendable for pediatric patients with extremity rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS). Lymph node metastases are an important prognostic factor in pediatric patients with extremity RMS. Accurate nodal staging is necessary to treat the patient accordingly. An alternative to the current recommended lymph node sampling is the sentinel node procedure (SNP).

METHODS: A systematic review was performed summarizing all published cases of SNP in addition to 13 cases from our hospital and 8 cases from two other hospitals that have not been published before.

RESULTS: For all patients (n = 55), at least one SLN was identified, but the SNP technique used was not uniform. The SNP changed the nodal classification of eight patients (17.0%) and had a false-negative rate of 10.5%.

CONCLUSIONS: The SNP is recommendable for pediatric patients with extremity RMS. It can change lymph node status and can be used to sample patients in a more targeted way than nodal sampling alone. Therefore, we recommend use of the SNP in addition to clinical and radiological nodal assessment for pediatric patients with extremity RMS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9048-9059
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of surgical oncology
Volume28
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Child
  • Extremities/pathology
  • Humans
  • Lymph Node Excision
  • Lymph Nodes/pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma/pathology
  • Sentinel Lymph Node/pathology
  • Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

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