What Do We Know about Survival in Skeletally Premature Children Aged 0 to 10 Years with Ewing Sarcoma? A Multicenter 10-Year Follow-Up Study in 60 Patients

Sarah E Bosma, Lizz van der Heijden, Luis Sierrasesúmaga, Hans J H M Merks, Lianne M Haveman, Michiel A J van de Sande, Mikel San-Julián

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

(1) Background: Younger age has been associated with better overall survival (OS) in Ewing sarcoma (ES), especially under the age of 10. The favorable survival in younger patients underlines the need for minimizing treatment burden and late sequelae. Our study aimed at describing clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of a cohort of ES patients aged 0-10. (2) Methods: In this retrospective multicenter study, all consecutive ES patients aged 0-10, treated in four sarcoma centers in the Netherlands (n = 33) and one in Spain (n = 27) between 1982 and 2008, with a minimum follow-up of 10 years, were included. OS, local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) were calculated. Potential factors of influence on OS (risk and protective factors) were analyzed. (3) Results: 60 patients with median follow-up 13.03 years were included. All patients were treated with chemotherapy in combination with local treatment, being surgery alone in 30 (50%) patients, radiotherapy (RT) alone in 12 (20%) patients or surgery plus RT in 18 (30%) patients (12 pre- and 6 postoperative). Limb salvage was achieved in 93% of patients. The 10-OS, -LRFS and -DMFS are 81% (95% CI: 71-91%), 89% (95% CI: 85-93%) and 81% (95% CI: 71-91%), respectively. Six patients developed LR, of which two developed subsequent DM; all had axial ES (pelvis, spine or chest wall), and these patients all died. Ten patients developed DM; eight died due to progressive disease, and two are currently in remission, both with pulmonary metastasis only. Negative or wide resection margin was significantly associated with better OS. Age < 6 years, tumor volume < 200 mL, absence of metastatic disease and treatment after 2000 showed trends towards better OS. Two patients developed secondary malignancy; both had chemotherapy combined with definitive RT for local treatment. (4) Conclusions: Overall survival of these youngest patients with ES was very good. Limb salvage surgery was achieved in >90% of patients. Wide resection margin was the only factor significantly associated with better survival.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2022

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