A chemical screen for medulloblastoma identifies quercetin as a putative radiosensitizer

Tonny Lagerweij, Lotte Hiddingh, Dennis Biesmans, Matheus H.W. Crommentuijn, Jacqueline Cloos, Xiao-Nan Li, Mari Kogiso, Bakhos A. Tannous, William P. Vandertop, David P. Noske, Gertjan J.L. Kaspers, Thomas Wurdinger, Esther Hulleman

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

Samenvatting

Treatment of medulloblastoma in children fails in approximately 30% of patients, and is often accompanied by severe late sequelae. Therefore, more effective drugs are needed that spare normal tissue and diminish long-term side effects. Since radiotherapy plays a pivotal role in the treatment of medulloblastoma, we set out to identify novel drugs that could potentiate the effect of ionizing radiation.Thereto, a small molecule library, consisting of 960 chemical compounds, was screened for its ability to sensitize towards irradiation. This small molecule screen identified the flavonoid quercetin as a novel radiosensitizer for the medulloblastoma cell lines DAOY, D283-med, and, to a lesser extent, D458-med at low micromolar concentrations and irradiation doses used in fractionated radiation schemes. Quercetin did not affect the proliferation of neural precursor cells or normal human fibroblasts. Importantly, in vivo experiments confirmed the radiosensitizing properties of quercetin. Administration of this flavonoid at the time of irradiation significantly prolonged survival in orthotopically xenografted mice. Together, these findings indicate that quercetin is a potent radiosensitizer for medulloblastoma cells that may be a promising lead for the treatment of medulloblastoma in patients
Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)35776-35788
TijdschriftOncotarget
Volume7
Nummer van het tijdschrift24
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 14 jun. 2016

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