A model-based radiostereometric analysis (RSA) randomized control trial evaluating the stability of the cementless Taperloc hip stem: the TapHip study 2-year follow-up RSA and PROMs results

Ruben Y. Kok, Lennard A. Koster, Bart L. Kaptein, Marta Fiocco, Stefan B. Keizer

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

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Background and purpose – The Taperloc Complete hip is the successor of the Taperloc hip, aiming to increase range of motion and optimizing femoral fit with intermediate stem sizes. We evaluated whether these design changes affect fixation, and this RSA study compares 2-year migration. Patients and methods – In this prospective, multi-arm study, 100 patients were randomized to cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) with Taperloc Complete full profile (TCFP), Taperloc Complete reduced distal (TCRD), Taperloc full profile (TFP), or Taperloc reduced distal (TRD). Migration was measured with model-based RSA postoperatively, and after 3, 12, and 24 months. Results – Results based on mixed-model analysis on 2-year postoperative RSA data from 74 patients showed similar subsidence (mm) in the first 3 months (mean [95% CI] TCFP 0.44 [0.20–0.69], TCRD 0.91 [0.40–1.42], TFP 0.71 [0.22–1.19], TRD 1.25 [0.58–1.91]) and stabilization after-wards. The TCFP showed statistically significantly less retroversion (°) at 2-year postoperatively compared with TFP and TCRD (mean [95% CI] TCFP: –0.13 [–0.64 to 0.38], TCRD: 0.84 [0.35–1.33], TFP: 0.56 [0.12–1.00], TRD: 0.37 [–0.35 to 1.09]). Interpretation – As expected in successful cementless THA, RSA shows stabilization after initial subsidence. Based on these results the Taperloc Complete stem is expected to have similar long-term fixation to the Taperloc stems. The reduced distal groups have larger, but statistically non-significant, initial migration compared with the TCFP group, which could be due to implantation in Dorr B, C femur types. It may be important to consider the femur shape for choosing a full profile or reduced distal stem to minimize migration.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)212-221
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftActa Orthopaedica
Volume93
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 3 jan. 2022
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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