A semi-mechanistic model based on glutathione depletion to describe intra-individual reduction in busulfan clearance

Jurgen B. Langenhorst, Jill Boss, Charlotte van Kesteren, Arief Lalmohamed, Jürgen Kuball, Antoine C.G. Egberts, Jaap Jan Boelens, Alwin D.R. Huitema, Erik M. van Maarseveen

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

16 Citaten (Scopus)


Aim: To develop a semi-mechanistic model, based on glutathione depletion and predict a previously identified intra-individual reduction in busulfan clearance to aid in more precise dosing. Methods: Busulfan concentration data, measured as part of regular care for allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) patients, were used to develop a semi-mechanistic model and compare it to a previously developed empirical model. The latter included an empirically estimated time effect, where the semi-mechanistic model included theoretical glutathione depletion. As older age has been related to lower glutathione levels, this was tested as a covariate in the semi-mechanistic model. Lastly, a therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) simulation was performed comparing the two models in target attainment. Results: In both models, a similar clearance decrease of 7% (range −82% to 44%), with a proportionality to busulfan metabolism, was found. After 40 years of age, the time effect increased with 4% per year of age (0.6–8%, P = 0.009), causing the effect to increase more than a 2-fold over the observed age-range (0–73 years). Compared to the empirical model, the final semi-mechanistic model increased target attainment from 74% to 76%, mainly through better predictions for adult patients. Conclusion: These results suggest that the time-dependent decrease in busulfan clearance may be related to gluthathione depletion. This effect increased with older age (>40 years) and was proportional to busulfan metabolism. The newly constructed semi-mechanistic model could be used to further improve TDM-guided exposure target attainment of busulfan in patients undergoing HCT.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1499-1509
Aantal pagina's11
TijdschriftBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 aug. 2020
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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