Abnormal nt-pro-bnp levels in asymptomatic long-term survivors of childhood cancer treated with anthracyclines

Annelies M.C. Mavinkurve-Groothuis, Jacqueline Groot-Loonen, Louise Bellersen, Milanthy S. Pourier, Ton Feuth, Jos P.M. Bokkerink, Peter M. Hoogerbrugge, Livia Kapusta

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79 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Background. Anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity can cause serious health problems for an increasing number of survivors of childhood malignancies. The aims of this study were to document plasma concentrations of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and NT-pro- brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) in a large group of asymptomatic long-term survivors of childhood cancer treated with anthracyclines, and to study the relation of the abnormal biomarker levels with different risk factors for anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity and conventional echocardiographic parameters. Procedures. One hundred twenty-two asymptomatic survivors of childhood cancer underwent a detailed echocardiography. Blood samples were taken to determine the levels of NT-pro-BNP and cTnT. Results. None of the survivors had abnormal cTnT levels. Thirteen percent of the survivors (n = 16) had abnormal NT-pro-BNP levels. Abnormal NT-pro-BNP levels were significantly related to cumulative anthracycline dosage (P< 0.003). Eleven of 31 survivors (35%) treated with cumulative anthracycline dose of 300 mg/m2 or more, had abnormal NT-pro-BNP levels which were significantly related to end-diastolic left ventricular internal diameter (LVIDd) indexed for body surface area (BSA) (P> 0.01). <bi Conclusion. Cardiac TnT does not contribute to the early detection of late onset anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. Abnormal levels of NT-pro- BNP were detected in 13% of 122 asymptomatic, long-term survivors of childhood cancer. Follow-up of these survivors is essential to answer the question whether NT-pro-BNP is an early marker for late onset anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)631-636
Aantal pagina's6
TijdschriftPediatric Blood and Cancer
Volume52
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - mei 2009
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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