Advanced intraoperative MRI in pediatric brain tumor surgery

Pien E J Jellema, Jannie P Wijnen, Alberto De Luca, Henk J M M Mutsaerts, Iris V Obdeijn, Kirsten M van Baarsen, Maarten H Lequin, Eelco W Hoving

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikel recenserenpeer review


Introduction: In the pediatric brain tumor surgery setting, intraoperative MRI (ioMRI) provides "real-time" imaging, allowing for evaluation of the extent of resection and detection of complications. The use of advanced MRI sequences could potentially provide additional physiological information that may aid in the preservation of healthy brain regions. This review aims to determine the added value of advanced imaging in ioMRI for pediatric brain tumor surgery compared to conventional imaging. Methods: Our systematic literature search identified relevant articles on PubMed using keywords associated with pediatrics, ioMRI, and brain tumors. The literature search was extended using the snowball technique to gather more information on advanced MRI techniques, their technical background, their use in adult ioMRI, and their use in routine pediatric brain tumor care. Results: The available literature was sparse and demonstrated that advanced sequences were used to reconstruct fibers to prevent damage to important structures, provide information on relative cerebral blood flow or abnormal metabolites, or to indicate the onset of hemorrhage or ischemic infarcts. The explorative literature search revealed developments within each advanced MRI field, such as multi-shell diffusion MRI, arterial spin labeling, and amide-proton transfer-weighted imaging, that have been studied in adult ioMRI but have not yet been applied in pediatrics. These techniques could have the potential to provide more accurate fiber tractography, information on intraoperative cerebral perfusion, and to match gadolinium-based T1w images without using a contrast agent. Conclusion: The potential added value of advanced MRI in the intraoperative setting for pediatric brain tumors is to prevent damage to important structures, to provide additional physiological or metabolic information, or to indicate the onset of postoperative changes. Current developments within various advanced ioMRI sequences are promising with regard to providing in-depth tissue information.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1098959
TijdschriftFrontiers in physiology
StatusGepubliceerd - 2023
Extern gepubliceerdJa


  • advanced MRI
  • intraoperative MRI
  • pediatric brain tumor patients
  • postoperative changes
  • surgical anatomy


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