B-cell depletion abrogates immune mediated cytopenia and rejection of cord blood transplantation in Hurler syndrome

R. Nataraj, P. Hiwarkar, D. Bonney, H. Campbell, S. Jones, D. Deambrosis, P. Evans, K. Poulton, P. M. van Hasselt, Mb Bierings, J. J. Boelens, C. A. Lindemans, R. Wynn

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

4 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Umbilical cord blood is the preferred donor cell source for children with Inherited Metabolic disorders undergoing Hematopoietic Cell Transplant (HCT), and its use has been associated with improved “engrafted survival” and higher donor chimerism compared to other cell sources. However, as in other pediatric cord blood transplants for non-malignant disease, immune-mediated cytopenia and primary graft failure limit its use, and the latter remains the commonest cause of death following cord blood transplant for non-malignant disease. We have previously shown an association between immune-mediated cytopenia and graft failure in inherited metabolic diseases suggesting that both immune-mediated cytopenia and graft failure could be mediated by antibodies from the residual recipient B cells. Since rituximab is effective in depletion of B cells and management of refractory immune-mediated cytopenia following HCT, we have added rituximab to the conditioning regimen. We studied 57 patients in 2 centers who received myeloablative conditioning for cord blood transplant in Hurler syndrome, and report a significant improvement in event-free survival with reduced incidence of graft failure and without any evidence of immune-mediated cytopenia in those patients that had received rituximab.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)38-42
Aantal pagina's5
TijdschriftBone Marrow Transplantation
Volume57
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - jan. 2022

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