Biological background of pediatric medulloblastoma and ependymoma: a review from a translational research perspective

Judith M de Bont, Roger J Packer, Erna M Michiels, Monique L den Boer, Rob Pieters

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikel recenserenpeer review

118 Citaten (Scopus)


Survival rates of pediatric brain tumor patients have significantly improved over the years due to developments in diagnostic techniques, neurosurgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and supportive care. However, brain tumors are still an important cause of cancer-related deaths in children. Prognosis is still highly dependent on clinical characteristics, such as the age of the patient, tumor type, stage, and localization, but increased knowledge about the genetic and biological features of these tumors is being obtained and might be useful to further improve outcome for these patients. It has become clear that the deregulation of signaling pathways essential in brain development, for example, sonic hedgehog (SHH), Wnt, and Notch pathways, plays an important role in pathogenesis and biological behavior, especially for medulloblastomas. More recently, data have become available about the cells of origin of brain tumors and the possible existence of brain tumor stem cells. Newly developed array-based techniques for studying gene expression, protein expression, copy number aberrations, and epigenetic events have led to the identification of other potentially important biological abnormalities in pediatric medulloblastomas and ependymomas.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)1040-60
Aantal pagina's21
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
StatusGepubliceerd - dec. 2008
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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