Cryosurgery is commonly used in medicine for treatment of benign and malignant lesions. We had clinical and experimental data indicating that cryosurgery of intact bone could cause bone marrow intravasation and embolism, i.e., particles of bone marrow entering extraosseous veins and occluding pulmonary vasculature. This study was designed to investigate the pathogenesis of bone marrow intravasation and embolism after cryosurgery. Three hypotheses on the pathogenesis of bone marrow intravasation were tested using a model of cryosurgical continuity lesion in rats and rabbits. Influence of physical and circulatory factors were excluded supporting a mechanical-biological hypothesis; the intravasation of bone marrow after cryosurgery of bone is caused by an increased intramedullary pressure. The increased intramedullary pressure is due to edema in the medullary cavity caused by cryosurgical damage to cell membranes. It is demonstrated that the bone marrow intravasates can embolize to the lungs causing respiratory insufficiency. This can be a serious complication following cryosurgery of intact bone. Prophylactic decompression of the medullary cavity can possibly prevent the rise in intramedullary pressure and thus intravasation and embolisation of bone marrow after cryosurgery of intact bone.
|Tijdschrift||Journal of Surgical Research|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||3|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - mrt. 1989|