Chromatin accessibility, p300, and histone acetylation define PML-RARα and AML1-ETO binding sites in acute myeloid leukemia

Sadia Saeed, Colin Logie, Kees Jan Francoijs, Gianmaria Frigè, Mauro Romanenghi, Fiona G. Nielsen, Lianne Raats, Maryam Shahhoseini, Martijn Huynen, Lucia Altucci, Saverio Minucci, Joost H.A. Martens, Hendrik G. Stunnenberg

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

54 Citaten (Scopus)


Chromatin accessibility plays a key role in regulating cell type specific gene expression during hematopoiesis but has also been suggested to be aberrantly regulated during leukemogenesis. To understand the leukemogenic chromatin signature, we analyzed acute promyelocytic leukemia, a subtype of leukemia characterized by the expression of RARα-fusion proteins, such as PML-RARα. We used nuclease accessibility sequencing in cell lines as well as patient blasts to identify accessible DNA elements and identified > 100 000 accessible regions in each case. Using ChIP-seq, we identified H2A.Z as a histone modification generally associated with these accessible regions, whereas unsupervised clustering analysis of other chromatin features, including DNA methylation, H2A.Zac, H3ac, H3K9me3, H3K27me3, and the regulatory factor p300, distinguished 6 distinct clusters of accessible sites, each with a characteristic functional makeup. Of these, PML-RARα binding was found specifically at accessible chromatin regions characterized by p300 binding and hypoacetylated histones. Identifying regions with a similar epigenetic make up in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells, another subtype of AMLs, revealed that these regions are occupied by the oncofusion protein AML1-ETO. Together, our results suggest that oncofusion proteins localize to accessible regions and that chromatin accessibility together with p300 binding and histone acetylation characterize AML1-ETO and PML-RARα binding sites.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)3058-3068
Aantal pagina's11
Nummer van het tijdschrift15
StatusGepubliceerd - 11 okt. 2012
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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