Many of the reported oncocytomas have different chromosome abnormalities, indicating that they comprise a cytogenetically heterogenous group of tumors consisting of potentially cytogenetic subgroups. We have performed cytogenetic studies on nine renal oncocytomas. Clonal abnormalities were present in eight tumors. The findings most observed were the loss of the Y chromosome, and abnormalities of chromosomes 1 and 22. We also observed telomeric associations (tas) in two tumors and structural aberrations of chromosomes 9p and 19q, as well as monosomy 10. In two cases we found a similar reciprocal t(5;11)(q35;q13) in two cases. Review of the literature disclosed one other oncocytoma with a t(5;11) (q35;q13). This suggests that t(5;11)(q35;q13) defines a (second) subset of oncocytomas apart from the subgroup specifically associated with the loss of chromosomes 1 and Y.