Circulating miRNAs can serve as potential diagnostic biomarkers in chronic myelogenous leukemia patients

Farid Keramati, Arefeh Jafarian, Adele Soltani, Ehsan Javandoost, Mojtaba Mollaei, Parviz Fallah

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

10 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Introduction: Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder described as a malignant blood disorder by accounts for 15–20% of all adult leukemia. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expressions. Expression level of tumor suppressor-miRNAs, described as miRNAs that target the oncogens, can contribute to diagnosis and prognosis of some malignant disorders including CML. We theorized that according to the excessive proliferation and alteration in miRNA expressions, there could be a change in the expression of miRNAs in plasma carried by exosomes. Methods: We consequently decided to detect the differences between normal and aberrant miRNA expression in human plasma sample to find out the possibility of diagnosis by these alterations. The expression of candidate miRNAs were compared using RNA extracted from the plasma of 50 patients, as well as 30 healthy individuals. We analysed the plasma miR-16-1, miR-20, miR-106, miR-126, miR-155, miR-222, and miR-451 expression levels in CML patients by individual real-time quantitative RT-PCR. Results: All selected miRNAs were found to be upregulated in newly diagnosed CML patients compared to the control, while upregulation of only three (miR-20, 106 and 222) were significant (17.4, 19 and 74.95 fold change, respectively; p<0.0001). In conclusion: microRNAs have a potential use in treatment of CML, as they can target the genes involved in cell cycle, MAPK, growth inhibition, TGF beta, and p53 signaling pathways. Therefore, these miRNA signatures provide the basis for their utilization as biomarkers in CML.

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer100257
TijdschriftLeukemia Research Reports
Volume16
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - jan. 2021
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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