Circumvention of Tolerance for the Nuclear T Cell Protein TCF-1 by Immunization of TCF-1 Knock-Out Mice

Jan Castrop, Sjef Verbeek, Frans Hofhuis, Hans Clevers

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

13 Citaten (Scopus)


Molecular events that underlie the well-defined phenotypic changes of the differentiating thymocyte are poorly understood. A candidate gene to control thymocyte differentiation, T cell factor-1 (TCF-1)* encodes a DNA-binding protein. Its mRNA expression pattern is complex during embryogenesis, yet restricted to lymphocytes postnatally. Expression studies on TCF-1 protein have been hampered by the difficulty to raise antibodies due to extreme evolutionary conservation. TCF-1 knock-out mice, generated recently in our laboratory, have strongly decreased numbers of thymocytes, but are otherwise normal. We have used these mice to generate anti-TCF-1 antibodies. By immunization with a recombinant fusion protein, we show that TCF-1 knock-out mice readily yield antiserum titers against human and mouse TCF-1 protein. Wild-type littermates remain unresponsive to TCF-1 while they mount a high-titer antibody response to the fusion protein, Maltose Binding Protein (MBP). Subsequently, TCF-1-specific hybridomas could be r pared from the spleens of immunized knock-out mice. This study illustrates the almost complete tolerance of mice for human TCF-1 and demonstrates that this tolerance is readily broken by gene knock-out. Furthermore, the usefulness of knock-out mice for the generation of monoclonal antibodies against the gene product of interest is underscored.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)281-287
Aantal pagina's7
Nummer van het tijdschrift2-4
StatusGepubliceerd - 1995
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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