Comparative Analyses of Liquid-Biopsy MicroRNA371a-3p Isolation Protocols for Serum and Plasma

Dennis M Timmerman, Ad J M Gillis, Michal Mego, Leendert H J Looijenga

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Samenvatting

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short, non-coding RNAs involved in translation regulation. Dysregulation has been identified in cancer cells. miRNAs can be secreted and detectable in body fluids; therefore, they are potential liquid-biopsy biomarkers. The miR-371a-3 cluster members are an example, monitoring the presence of malignant germ cell tumors based on patient serum/plasma analyses. However, a large variety of isolation techniques on sample types (serum vs. plasma) are reported, hampering interstudy comparisons. Therefore, we analyzed the impact of using the miRNeasy Serum/Plasma Kit (cell-free total RNA purification) Qiagen extraction kit and the TaqMan anti-miRNA bead-capture procedure of ThermoFisher for miRNA isolation. Ten normal male matched serum and plasma samples and seventeen testicular germ cell tumor patient serum samples were investigated. The Qiagen kit requires a higher input volume (200 µL vs. 50 µL), resulting in higher sensitivity. Serum and plasma comparison demonstrated high similarity in miRNA levels. Titration experiments showed that the bead-capture procedure is superior in cases of lower starting volumes (<100 µL). This study highlights the strengths and limitations of two different isolation protocols, relevant for in vivo analysis with small starting volumes. In summary, miRNA detection levels results varied little between plasma and serum, whereas for low volumes the bead capture isolation method is preferable.

Originele taal-2Engels
TijdschriftCancers
Volume13
Nummer van het tijdschrift17
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 24 aug. 2021

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