Molecular groups of supratentorial ependymomas comprise tumors with ZFTA– RELA or YAP1-involving fusions and fusion-negative subependymoma. However, occasionally supratentorial ependymomas cannot be readily assigned to any of these groups due to lack of detection of a typical fusion and/or ambiguous DNA methylation–based classification. An unbi-ased approach with a cohort of unprecedented size revealed distinct methylation clusters composed of tumors with ependymal but also various other histologic features containing alternative translocations that shared ZFTA as a partner gene. Somatic overexpression of ZFTA-associated fusion genes in the developing cerebral cortex is capable of inducing tumor formation in vivo, and cross-species compara-tive analyses identified GLI2 as a key downstream regulator of tumorigenesis in all tumors. Targeting GLI2 with arsenic trioxide caused extended survival of tumor-bearing animals, indicating a potential therapeutic vulnerability in ZFTA fusion–positive tumors. Significance: ZFTA–RELA fusions are a hallmark feature of supratentorial ependymoma. We find that ZFTA acts as a partner for alternative transcriptional activators in oncogenic fusions of supraten-torial tumors with various histologic characteristics. Establishing representative mouse models, we identify potential therapeutic targets shared by ZFTA fusion–positive tumors, such as GLI2.
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||9|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - sep. 2021|