Decitabine mildly attenuates MLL-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia in vivo, and represents a poor chemo-sensitizer

Pauline Schneider, Patricia Garrido Castro, Sandra M Pinhanços, Mark Kerstjens, Eddy H van Roon, Anke H W Essing, M Emmy M Dolman, Jan J Molenaar, Rob Pieters, Ronald W Stam

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review


MLL-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) represents a highly aggressive ALL subtype, characterized by aberrant DNA methylation patterns. DNA methyltransferase inhibitors, such as decitabine have previously been demonstrated to be effective in eradicating MLL-rearranged ALL cells in vitro. Here, we assessed the in vivo anti-leukemic potential of low-dose DNA methyltransferase inhibitor decitabine using a xenograft mouse model of human MLL-rearranged ALL. Furthermore, we explored whether prolonged exposure to low-dose decitabine could chemo-sensitize MLL-rearranged ALL cells toward conventional chemotherapy as well as other known epigenetic-based and anti-neoplastic compounds. Our data reveal that decitabine prolonged survival in xenograft mice of MLL-rearranged ALL by 8.5 days (P = .0181), but eventually was insufficient to prevent leukemia out-growth, based on the examination of the MLLAF4 cell line SEM. Furthermore, we observe that prolonged pretreatment of low-dose decitabine mildly sensitized toward the conventional drugs prednisolone, vincristine, daunorubicin, asparaginase, and cytarabine in a panel of MLL-rearranged cell lines. Additionally, we assessed synergistic effects of decitabine with other epigenetic-based or anticancer drugs using high-throughput drug library screens. Validation of the top hits, including histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat, BCL2 inhibitor Venetoclax, MEK inhibitor pimasertib, and receptor tyrosine kinase foretinib, revealed additive and moderate synergistic effects for the combination of each drug together with decitabine in a cell line-dependent manner.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)527-536
Aantal pagina's10
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
StatusGepubliceerd - nov. 2020


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