The 5th European Conference on Infections in Leukaemia (ECIL-5) meeting aimed to establish evidence-based recommendations for the prophylaxis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) in non-HIV-infected patients with an underlying haematological condition, including allogeneic HSCT recipients. Recommendations were based on the grading system of the IDSA. Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole given 2-3 times weekly is the drug of choice for the primary prophylaxis of PCP in adults (A-II) and children (A-I) and should be given during the entire period at risk. Recent data indicate that children may benefit equally from a once-weekly regimen (B-II). All other drugs, including pentamidine, atovaquone and dapsone, are considered second-line alternatives when trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole is poorly tolerated or contraindicated. The main indications of PCP prophylaxis are ALL, allogeneic HSCT, treatment with alemtuzumab, fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab combinations, >4 weeks of treatmentwith corticosteroids andwell-defined primary immune deficiencies in children. Additional indications are proposed depending on the treatment regimen.
|Tijdschrift||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||9|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 1 sep. 2016|