Estimated clinical benefit of combining highly conformal target volumes with Volumetric-Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) versus conventional flank irradiation in pediatric renal tumors

Joeri Mul, Enrica Seravalli, Mirjam E. Bosman, Cornelis P. van de Ven, Annemieke S. Littooij, Martine van Grotel, Marry M. van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Geert O. Janssens

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

5 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Background: For decades, Anterior-Posterior/Posterior-Anterior (AP/PA) photon beams were standard-of-care for flank irradiation in children with renal cancer. Recently, highly conformal flank target volumes were defined correcting for postoperative organ shift and intra-fraction motion. By radiotherapy treatment plan comparison, this study aims to estimate the clinical benefits and potential risks of combining highly conformal target volumes with Volumetric-Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) versus conventional target volumes with AP/PA beams for flank irradiation. Materials and Methods: Twenty consecutive renal tumor cases (left/right-sided:10/10; median age:3.2 years) were selected. Highly conformal flank target volumes were generated for VMAT, while conventional target volumes were used for AP/PA. For each case, the dose to the organs at risk (OARs) and Total Body Volume (TBV) was calculated to compare VMAT with AP/PA treatment plans for a prescribed dose (PD) of 14.4/1.8 Gy. Dose constraint violation of the tail of the pancreas and spleen (Dmean < 10 Gy), heart (D50 < 5 Gy) or mammary buds (Dmean < 10 Gy) were prioritized as potentially beneficial for clinics. Results: Highly conformal Planning Target Volumes (PTV) were smaller than conventional volumes (mean ΔPTVAP/PA-PTVVMAT: 555 mL, Δ60%, p=<0.01). A mean dose reduction favoring VMAT was observed for almost all OARs. Dose constraints to the tail of the pancreas, spleen, heart and mammary buds were fulfilled in 8/20, 12/20, 16/20 and 19/20 cases with AP/PA, versus 14/20, 17/20, 20/20 and 20/20 cases with VMAT, respectively. In 12/20 cases, VMAT prevented the dose constraint violation of one or more OARs otherwise exceeded by AP/PA. VMAT increased the TBV receiving 10% of the PD, but reduced the amount of irradiated TBV for all higher doses. Conclusion: Compared to 14.4 Gy flank irradiation using conventional AP/PA photon beams, an estimated clinical benefit by dose reduction to the OARs can be expected in 60% of the pediatric renal tumor cases using highly conformal flank target volumes combined with VMAT.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)20-26
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftClinical and Translational Radiation Oncology
Volume29
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - jul. 2021

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