The organization of multidisciplinary team meetings (MTMs) has become standard practice in pediatric oncology and is widely felt to improve communication, knowledge, and patient care. Although the impact of MTMs on survival in adult oncology has been extensively researched, the potential benefits of survival for pediatric cancer patients are still unclear. This systematic review aimed to examine the impact of MTMs on survival in pediatric oncology settings. Relevant studies were identified by searching MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library databases up to January 2020, resulting in 325 unique records. After the title/abstract and full-text screening, 5 studies were included. All of the included studies (one prospective and 4 retrospective cohort studies) described a difference in overall or event-free survival when comparing patients who were discussed in MTMs with non-MTM patients. This association was statistically significant in 3 studies. The quality of the studies was strongly affected by their design. Because of the small number of studies in combination with high clinical and methodological heterogeneity, this review was unable to definitively assert a causal relationship between MTMs and survival in pediatric cancer patients. Further research is needed to explore this relationship and allow cost-benefit analyses, so that time and resources are optimally spent to deliver the best possible care to childhood cancer patients.