Aim: Three intracellularly formed metabolites are responsible for the antineoplastic effect of capecitabine: 5-fluorouridine 5′-triphosphate (FUTP), 5-fluoro-2′-deoxyuridine 5′-triphosphate (FdUTP), and 5-fluoro-2′-deoxyuridine 5′-monophosphate (FdUMP). The objective of this study was to explore the pharmacokinetics of these intracellular metabolites during capecitabine treatment. Methods: Serial plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples were collected from 13 patients treated with capecitabine 1000 mg QD (group A) and eight patients receiving capecitabine 850 mg m-2 BID for fourteen days, every three weeks (group B). Samples were collected on day 1 and, for four patients of group B, also on day 14. The capecitabine and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) plasma concentrations and intracellular metabolite concentrations were determined using LC-MS/MS. Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated using non-compartmental analysis. Results: Only FUTP could be measured in the PBMC samples. The FdUTP and FdUMP concentrations were below the detection limits (LOD). No significant correlation was found between the plasma 5-FU and intracellular FUTP exposure. The FUTP concentration-time profiles demonstrated considerable inter-individual variation and accumulation of the metabolite in PBMCs. FUTP levels ranged between <LOD and 1.0 μM on day 1, and from 0.64 to 14 μM on day 14. The area under the FUTP concentration-time curve was significantly increased on day 14 of the treatment compared to day 1 (mean ± SD: 28 ± 19 μM h vs. 2.0 ± 1.9 μM h). Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first time that intracellular FUTP concentrations were measured in patients treated with capecitabine. During 14 days of treatment with capecitabine twice daily, intracellular accumulation of FUTP occurs.
|Tijdschrift||British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||5|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 1 mei 2016|