Extensive epigenomic integration of the glucocorticoid response in primary human monocytes and in vitro derived macrophages

Cheng Wang, Luca Nanni, Boris Novakovic, Wout Megchelenbrink, Tatyana Kuznetsova, Hendrik G. Stunnenberg, Stefano Ceri, Colin Logie

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

18 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Glucocorticoid receptor is a transcription factor that is ubiquitously expressed. Glucocorticoids are circadian steroids that regulate a wide range of bodily functions, including immunity. Here we report that synthetic glucocorticoids affect 1035 mRNAs in isolated healthy human blood monocytes but only 165 in the respective six day-old monocyte-derived macrophages. The majority of the glucocorticoid response in monocytes concerns genes that are dynamic upon monocyte to macrophage differentiation, whereby macrophage-like mRNA levels are often reached in monocytes within four hours of treatment. Concomitantly, over 5000 chromosomal H3K27ac regions undergo remodelling, of which 60% involve increased H3K27ac signal. We find that chromosomal glucocorticoid receptor binding sites correlate with positive but not with negative local epigenomic effects. To investigate further we assigned our data to topologically associating domains (TADs). This shows that about 10% of macrophage TADs harbour at least one GR binding site and that half of all the glucocorticoid-induced H3K27ac regions are confined to these TADs. Our analyses are therefore consistent with the notion that TADs naturally accommodate information from sets of distal glucocorticoid response elements.

Originele taal-2Engels
Artikelnummer2772
TijdschriftScientific Reports
Volume9
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 dec. 2019
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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