Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: an EBMT Inborn Errors Working Party analysis

Michael H. Albert, Mary A. Slatter, Andrew R. Gennery, Tayfun Güngör, Katerina Bakunina, Benyamin Markovitch, Sheree Hazelaar, Tiarlan Sirait, Virginie Courteille, Alessandro Aiuti, Olga V. Aleinikova, Dmitry Balashov, Maria Ester Bernardo, Ivana Bodova, Benedicte Bruno, Marina Cavazzana, Robert Chiesa, Alain Fischer, Fabian Hauck, Marianne IfversenKrzysztof Kałwak, Christoph Klein, Alexander Kulagin, Alphan Kupesiz, Baris Kuskonmaz, Caroline A. Lindemans, Franco Locatelli, Su Han Lum, Alexey Maschan, Roland Meisel, Despina Moshous, Fulvio Porta, Martin G. Sauer, Petr Sedlacek, Ansgar Schulz, Felipe Suarez, Tanja C. Vallée, Jacek H. Winiarski, Marco Zecca, Bénédicte Neven, Paul Veys, Arjan C. Lankester

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

7 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a potentially curative treatment for patients affected by Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS). Reported HSCT outcomes have improved over time with respect to overall survival, but some studies have identified older age and HSCT from alternative donors as risk factors predicting poorer outcome. We analyzed 197 patients undergoing transplant at European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation centers between 2006 and 2017 who received conditioning as recommended by the Inborn Errors Working Party (IEWP): either busulfan (n = 103) or treosulfan (n = 94) combined with fludarabine ± thiotepa. After a median follow-up post-HSCT of 44.9 months, 176 patients were alive, resulting in a 3-year overall survival of 88.7% and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)-free survival (events include death, graft failure, and severe chronic GVHD) of 81.7%. Overall survival and chronic GVHD-free survival were not significantly affected by conditioning regimen (busulfan- vs treosulfan-based), donor type (matched sibling donor/matched family donor vs matched unrelated donor/mismatched unrelated donor vs mismatched family donor), or period of HSCT (2006-2013 vs 2014-2017). Patients aged <5 years at HSCT had a significantly better overall survival. The overall cumulative incidences of grade III to IV acute GVHD and extensive/moderate/severe chronic GVHD were 6.6% and 2.1%, respectively. Patients receiving treosulfan-based conditioning had a higher incidence of graft failure and mixed donor chimerism and more frequently underwent secondary procedures (second HSCT, unconditioned stem cell boost, donor lymphocyte infusion, or splenectomy). In summary, HSCT for WAS with conditioning regimens currently recommended by IEWP results in excellent survival and low rates of GVHD, regardless of donor or stem cell source, but age ≥5 years remains a risk factor for overall survival.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)2066-2079
Aantal pagina's14
TijdschriftBlood
Volume139
Nummer van het tijdschrift13
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 31 mrt. 2022

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