Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene therapy for rat malignant brain tumors

A. J.P.E. Vincent, R. Vogels, G. V. Someren, M. C. Esandi, J. L. Noteboom, C. J.J. Avezaat, C. Vecht, D. W.V. Bekkum, D. Valerio, A. Bout, P. M. Hoogerbrugge

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Transfer of a herpes simplex virus-derived thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) gene into brain tumor cells and subsequent ganciclovir (GCV) treatment has been shown by others to be an effective treatment in rats with intracerebrally inoculated 9L gliosarcomas. Mechanism of action and reproducibility are, however, still a matter of debate. We have used the same model to test the therapeutic effects of both retrovirus- and adenovirus-mediated transfer of the HSV-tk gene followed by GCV treatment. Survival time of rats with intracerebral 9L tumors was significantly prolonged after a single administration of adenovirus carrying a HSV-tk gene as compared to controls. Retrovirus-mediated gene transfer also resulted in significantly prolonged survival time when recombinant retrovirus-producing cells were transplanted. Direct injection of the recombinant retrovirus, HSV-tk-expressing cells, virus-producing cells without GCV administration and recombinant retrovirus-lacZ or interleukin-2 (IL-2)-producing cells did not result in tumor cell kill. In the present study, no significant difference in survival of 9L brain tumor carrying rats was found after treatment with adenovirus as compared to retrovirus-mediated HSV-tk-mediated gene transfer and subsequent GCV treatment.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)197-205
Aantal pagina's9
TijdschriftHuman Gene Therapy
Nummer van het tijdschrift2
StatusGepubliceerd - 20 jan. 1996
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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