High sensitivity and clonal stability of the genomic fusion as single marker for response monitoring in ETV6-RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Jana Hoffmann, Manuela Krumbholz, Helia Pimentel Gutiérrez, Marion Fillies, Annabell Szymansky, Kirsten Bleckmann, Udo Zur Stadt, Rolf Köhler, Roland P Kuiper, Martin Horstmann, Arend von Stackelberg, Cornelia Eckert, Markus Metzler

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

Samenvatting

BACKGROUND: Assessment of minimal residual disease (MRD) is an integral component for response monitoring and treatment stratification in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We aimed to evaluate the genomic ETV6-RUNX1 fusion sites as a single marker for MRD quantification.

PROCEDURE: In a representative, uniformly treated cohort of pediatric relapsed ALL patients (n = 52), ETV6-RUNX1 fusion sites were compared to the current gold standard, immunoglobulin/T-cell receptor (Ig/TCR) gene rearrangements.

RESULTS: Primer/probe sets designed to ETV6-RUNX1 fusions achieved significantly more frequent a sensitivity and a quantitative range of at least 10-4 compared to the gold standard with 100% and 73% versus 76% and 47%, respectively. The breakpoint sequence was identical at diagnosis and relapse in all tested cases. There was a high degree of concordance between quantitative MRD results assessed using ETV6-RUNX1 and the highest Ig/TCR marker (Spearman's 0.899, P < .01) with differences >½ log-step in only 6% of patients. A high proportion of ETV6-RUNX1-positive ALL relapses (40%) in our cohort showed a poor response to induction treatment at relapse, and therefore had an indication for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, demonstrating the need of accurate identification of this subgroup.

CONCLUSIONS: ETV6-RUNX1 fusion sites are highly sensitive and reliable MRD markers. Our data confirm that they are unaffected by clonal evolution and selection during front-line and second-line chemotherapy in contrast to Ig/TCR rearrangements, which require several markers per patient to compensate for the observed loss of target clones. In future studies, the genomic ETV6-RUNX1 fusion can be used as single MRD marker.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)e27780
TijdschriftPediatric blood & cancer
Volume66
Nummer van het tijdschrift8
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - aug. 2019

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