How I treat paediatric relapsed acute myeloid leukaemia

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24 Citaten (Scopus)


The prognosis of paediatric acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) has improved significantly over the recent decades, but still about one-third of patients relapse. These patients have a relatively poor prognosis, with a probability of long-term survival from relapse of about 35%. This can only be achieved with very intensive chemotherapy and, usually, allogeneic stem cell transplantation, leading to very significant toxicity and even treatment-related mortality. Major improvements in the treatment of paediatric relapsed AML thus are required still, and several possibilities are discussed. In case of a suspected relapse, a comprehensive diagnostic work-up has to be undertaken, because significant changes in the biological features of the AML cells may have occurred between initial diagnosis and relapse. This review discusses many practical issues that one encounters in the treatment of children with relapsed AML. It will also be of interest for those involved in translational research in AML.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)636-645
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftBritish Journal of Haematology
Nummer van het tijdschrift5
StatusGepubliceerd - sep. 2014
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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