Improvement in cancer care is possible by applying new treatment modalities, which are emerging from knowledge and discoveries coming from laboratory research. This is possible through international collaboration and the collection of tumour tissues. Creation of a European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Tumor Bank is a natural step in this direction, by offering tumour sample collection from patients entered in EORTC trials. The aim of such a bank is not only to improve the diagnostic review process, but also to facilitate translational research by allowing clinicians and basic scientists to enter into close collaborations. The EORTC Tissue Research Policy is developed to assure, under the EORTC legal framework, an ethical and scientific review of research projects, guarantee adequate information is given to patients, establish procedures on the use of materials, including legal aspects, and publication policies. Being part of the EU TubaFrost project, the EORTC will provide a common international platform for the use of tissues for research purposes, finding a balance between different laws and assuring scientific progress.