Hypothalamic-Pituitary Disorders in Childhood Cancer Survivors: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Long-Term Health Outcomes

Laura Van Iersel, Zhenghong Li, Deo Kumar Srivastava, Tara M. Brinkman, Kari L. Bjornard, Carmen L. Wilson, Daniel M. Green, Thomas E. Merchant, Ching Hon Pui, Rebecca M. Howell, Susan A. Smith, Gregory T. Armstrong, Melissa M. Hudson, Leslie L. Robison, Kirsten K. Ness, Amar Gajjar, Kevin R. Krull, Charles A. Sklar, Hanneke M. Van Santen, Wassim Chemaitilly

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

48 Citaten (Scopus)


Context: Data on hypothalamic-pituitary (HP) disorders in systematically evaluated childhood cancer survivors are limited. Objective: To describe prevalence, risk factors, and associated adverse health outcomes of deficiencies in GH deficiency (GHD), TSH deficiency (TSHD), LH/FSH deficiency (LH/FSHD), and ACTH deficiency (ACTHD), and central precocious puberty (CPP). Design: Retrospective with cross-sectional health outcomes analysis. Setting: Established cohort; tertiary care center. Patients: Participants (N = 3141; median age, 31.7 years) were followed for a median 24.1 years. Main Outcome Measure: Multivariable logistic regression was used to calculate ORs and 95% CIs for associations among HP disorders, tumor- and treatment-related risk factors, and health outcomes. Results: The estimated prevalence was 40.2% for GHD, 11.1% for TSHD, 10.6% for LH/FSHD, 3.2% for ACTHD, and 0.9% for CPP among participants treated with HP radiotherapy (n = 1089), and 6.2% for GHD, and <1% for other HP disorders without HP radiotherapy. Clinical factors independently associated with HP disorders included HP radiotherapy (at any dose for GHD, TSHD, LH/FSHD, >30 Gy for ACTHD), alkylating agents (GHD, LH/FSHD), intrathecal chemotherapy (GHD), hydrocephalus with shunt placement (GHD, LH/FSHD), seizures (TSHD, ACTHD), and stroke (GHD, TSHD, LH/FSHD, ACTHD). Adverse health outcomes independently associated with HP disorders included short stature (GHD, TSHD), severe bone mineral density deficit (GHD, LH/FSHD), obesity (LH/FSHD), frailty (GHD), impaired physical health-related quality of life (TSHD), sexual dysfunction (LH/FSHD), impaired memory, and processing speed (GHD, TSHD). Conclusion: HP radiotherapy, central nervous system injury, and, to a lesser extent, chemotherapy are associated with HP disorders, which are associated with adverse health outcomes.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)6101-6115
Aantal pagina's15
TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Nummer van het tijdschrift12
StatusGepubliceerd - 1 dec. 2019
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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