Intact IFN-γR1 expression and function distinguishes langerhans cell histiocytosis from mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease

Willemijn T. Quispel, Janine A. Stegehuis-Kamp, Susy J. Santos, Annelies Van Wengen, Edward Dompeling, R. Maarten Egeler, Esther Van De Vosse, Astrid G.S. Van Halteren

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11 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

Purpose: Poly-ostotic Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) can be difficult to distinguish clinically and histologically from disseminated infection in manifesting specific subtypes of Mendelian Susceptibility to Mycobacterial Disease (MSMD). In MSMD-patients, dominant negative germline mutations in the IFN-γR1 gene, in particular in exon 6, lead to autosomal dominant IFN-γ receptor 1 deficiency (ADIFNGR1) and can mimic LCH. We hypothesized that similar defects might underlie the pathogenesis of LCH. Methods: IFN-γR1 expression was immunohistochemically determined at disease onset in biopsies from 11 LCH-patients and four ADIFNGR1-patients. IFN-γR1 function was analyzed in 18 LCH-patients and 13 healthy controls by assessing the IFN-γ-induced upregulation of Fc-gamma-receptor I (FcγRI) expression on monocytes. Pro-inflammatory cytokine production was measured after stimulation of whole blood with LPS and IFN-γ. Exon 6 of the IFN-γR1 gene was sequenced in 67 LCH-patients to determine whether mutations were present. Results: IFN-γR1 expression was high in three LCH-affected biopsies, similar to ADIFNGR1-affected biopsies, but varied from negative to moderate in eight other LCH-affected biopsies. No functional differences in IFN-γ signaling were detected between LCH-patients with active or non-active disease and healthy controls. No germline mutations in exon 6 of the IFN-γR1 gene were detected in any of the 67 LCH-patients. Conclusions: In contrast to ADIFNGR1-patients, IFN-γ signaling is fully functional in LCH-patients. Either performed before, during or after treatment, these non-invasive functional assays can distinguish LCH-patients from ADIFNGR1-patients and thereby facilitate correct therapy regimens for patients with recurrent osteolytic lesions.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)84-93
Aantal pagina's10
TijdschriftJournal of Clinical Immunology
Volume34
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - jan. 2014
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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