Introducing fluorescence-guided surgery for pediatric ewing, osteo-, and rhabdomyosarcomas: A literature review

Zeger Rijs, Bernadette Jeremiasse, Naweed Shifai, Hans Gelderblom, Cornelis F.M. Sier, Alexander L. Vahrmeijer, Fijs W.B. van Leeuwen, Alida F.W. van der Steeg, Michiel A.J. van de Sande

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikel recenserenpeer review

14 Citaten (Scopus)


Sarcomas are a rare heterogeneous group of malignant neoplasms of mesenchymal origin which represent approximately 13% of all cancers in pediatric patients. The most prevalent pediatric bone sarcomas are osteosarcoma (OS) and Ewing sarcoma (ES). Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most frequently occurring pediatric soft tissue sarcoma. The median age of OS and ES is approximately 17 years, so this disease is also commonly seen in adults while non-pleiomorphic RMS is rare in the adult population. The mainstay of all treatment regimens is multimodal treatment containing chemotherapy, surgical resection, and sometimes (neo)adjuvant radiotherapy. A clear resection margin improves both local control and overall survival and should be the goal during surgery with a curative intent. Real-time intraoperative fluorescence-guided imaging could facilitate complete resections by visualizing tumor tissue during surgery. This review evaluates whether nontargeted and targeted fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) could be beneficial for pediatric OS, ES, and RMS patients. Necessities for clinical implementation, current literature, and the positive as well as negative aspects of non-targeted FGS using the NIR dye Indocyanine Green (ICG) were evaluated. In addition, we provide an overview of targets that could potentially be used for FGS in OS, ES, and RMS. Then, due to the time-and cost-efficient translational perspective, we elaborate on the use of antibody-based tracers as well as their disadvantages and alternatives. Finally, we conclude with recommendations for the experiments needed before FGS can be implemented for pediatric OS, ES, and RMS patients.

Originele taal-2Engels
Nummer van het tijdschrift10
StatusGepubliceerd - okt. 2021


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