Objective. To establish the long-term results of a combination of radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy and surgery for the treatment of patients with a Pancoast tumour in the Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, with special attention for the prognostic factors. Design. Retrospective. Methods. During the period from 1 January 1991 to 31 December 2004, 36 patients underwent surgical treatment combined with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy for a non-small-cell bronchial carcinoma with invasion of the superior sulcus. The study was terminated on 31 January 2006. The data were analysed according to the intention-to-treat principle, with overall survival and disease-free survival as the outcome variables. Cox regression analysis revealed differences between the subgroups on the basis of which prognostic factors could be studied. Results. 36 patients with a non-small-cell bronchial carcinoma invading the superior sulcus (Pancoast tumour) underwent multidisciplinary treatment consisting of pre-operative radiotherapy (since 2002 concomitant chemoradiotherapy), superior-sulcus resection and (partial) lung resection with intra-operative brachytherapy. 2 patients died postoperatively. In 80% of the patients there was a positive histological effect of the pre-operative treatment. The median follow-up was 26 months. The 2-year overall and disease-free survival was 45 and 31%, respectively, and at 5 years this was 28 and 19%. These results were comparable with those for stage IIB lung cancer without invasion. Favourable prognostic factors were: at least 75% necrosis of the tumour after pre-treatment, lack of positive mediastinal lymph nodes, and younger age.
|Vertaalde titel van de bijdrage||Long-term results of the multidisciplinary surgical treatment of non-small-cell bronchial carcinoma in the superior sulcus (Pancoast tumour); a retrospective study|
|Tijdschrift||Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||25|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 23 jun. 2007|