Lysophosphatidic acid enhances survival of human CD34(+) cells in ischemic conditions

Ivana Kostic, Isabel Fidalgo-Carvalho, Sezin Aday, Helena Vazão, Tiago Carvalheiro, Mário Grãos, António Duarte, Carla Cardoso, Lino Gonçalves, Lina Carvalho, Artur Paiva, Lino Ferreira

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

Samenvatting

Several clinical trials are exploring therapeutic effect of human CD34(+) cells in ischemic diseases, including myocardial infarction. Unfortunately, most of the cells die few days after delivery. Herein we show that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-treated human umbilical cord blood-derived CD34(+) cells cultured under hypoxic and serum-deprived conditions present 2.2-fold and 1.3-fold higher survival relatively to non-treated cells and prostaglandin E2-treated cells, respectively. The pro-survival effect of LPA is concentration- and time-dependent and it is mediated by the activation of peroxisome proliferator-activator receptor γ (PPARγ) and downstream, by the activation of pro-survival ERK and Akt signaling pathways and the inhibition of mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. In hypoxia and serum-deprived culture conditions, LPA induces CD34(+) cell proliferation without maintaining the their undifferentiating state, and enhances IL-8, IL-6 and G-CSF secretion during the first 12 h compared to non-treated cells. LPA-treated CD34(+) cells delivered in fibrin gels have enhanced survival and improved cardiac fractional shortening at 2 weeks on rat infarcted hearts as compared to hearts treated with placebo. We have developed a new platform to enhance the survival of CD34(+) cells using a natural and cost-effective ligand and demonstrated its utility in the preservation of the functionality of the heart after infarction.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)16406
TijdschriftScientific Reports
Volume5
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 10 nov. 2015
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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