Medical assessment of adverse health outcomes in long-term survivors of childhood cancer

Maud M. Geenen, Mathilde C. Cardous-Ubbink, Leontien C.M. Kremer, Cor Van Den Bos, Helena J.H. Van Der Pal, Richard C. Heinen, Monique W.M. Jaspers, Caro C.E. Koning, Foppe Oldenburger, Nelia E. Langeveld, Augustinus A.M. Hart, Piet J.M. Bakker, Huib N. Caron, Flora E. Van Leeuwen

Onderzoeksoutput: Bijdrage aan tijdschriftArtikelpeer review

687 Citaten (Scopus)


Context: Improved survival of children with cancer has been accompanied by multiple treatment-related complications. However, most studies in survivors of childhood cancer focused on only 1 late effect. Objective: To assess the total burden of adverse health outcomes (clinical or subclinical disorders ["adverse events"]) following childhood cancer in a large cohort of childhood cancer survivors with long-term and complete medical follow-up. Design, Setting, and Population: Retrospective cohort study of 1362 five-year survivors of childhood cancer treated in a single institution in the Netherlands between 1966 and 1996. All survivors were invited to a late-effects clinic for medical assessment of adverse events. Adverse events occurring before January 2004 were graded for severity in a standardized manner. Main Outcome Measures: Treatment-specific prevalence of adverse events (according to severity) at end of follow-up and relative risk of high or severe burden of disease (≥2 severe or ≥1 life-threatening or disabling adverse events) associated with various treatments. Results: Medical follow-up was complete for 94.3% of survivors (median follow-up, 17.0 years). The median attained age at end of follow-up was 24.4 years. Almost 75% of survivors had 1 or more adverse events, and 24.6% had 5 or more adverse events. Furthermore, 40% of survivors had at least 1 severe or life-threatening or disabling adverse event. A high or severe burden of adverse events was observed in 55% of survivors who received radiotherapy only and 15% of survivors treated with chemotherapy only, compared with 25% of survivors who had surgery only (adjusted relative risks, 2.18 [95% confidence interval, 1.62-2.95] and 0.65 [95% confidence interval, 0.46-0.90], respectively). A high or severe burden of adverse events was most often observed in survivors of bone tumors (64%) and least often in survivors of leukemia or Wilms tumor (12% each). Conclusions: In young adulthood, a substantial proportion of childhood cancer survivors already has a high or severe burden of disease, particularly after radiotherapy. This underscores the need for lifelong risk-stratified medical surveillance of childhood cancer survivors.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)2705-2715
Aantal pagina's11
Nummer van het tijdschrift24
StatusGepubliceerd - 27 jun. 2007
Extern gepubliceerdJa


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