MEN1 gene mutation analysis of sporadic adrenocortical lesions

Birgit Görtz, Jürgen Roth, Ernst J.M. Speel, Akiko Krähenmann, Ronald R. De Krijger, Xavier Matias-Guiu, Seraina Muletta-Feurer, Katrin Rütmann, Parvin Saremaslani, Philipp U. Heitz, Paul Komminoth

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94 Citaten (Scopus)

Samenvatting

To clarify the role of the MEN1 gene in the tumorigenesis of sporadic adrenocortical tumors, we performed a molecular study on 35 adrenocortical lesions including 6 hyperplasias, 19 adenomas and 10 carcinomas. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the MEN1 gene was assessed by PCR using an intragenic (DIIS4946) and 2 flanking microsatellite markers (DIIS4936, PYGM) and/or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a 40-kb cosmid probe containing the MEN1 gene. The complete coding sequence of the MEN1 gene was screened for mutations using non-radioactive, PCR-based single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis and MDE heteroduplex gel electrophoresis. PCR-LOH and FISH analyses performed in 29 tumors (PCR-LOH in 4, FISH in 17 and both in 8 tumors) revealed allelic deletion of the MEN1 locus in 8 (27.5%) and at 11q13 in 9 (31%) tumors. Furthermore, the frequency of LOH at 11q3 was significantly higher in adrenocortical carcinomas (60%) than in benign lesions (11%). Mutation analysis of tumor samples revealed 9 polymorphisms in 7 tumors (S145S, R171Q, R171Q together with L432L) but no mutations, with the exception of one adrenocortical adenoma. The latter tumor contained a somatic E109X stop codon mutation in exon 2 and a 5178-9G→A splice mutation in intron 4, which was also detectable in various nontumorous tissues and blood indicative of a germ-line mutation. The patient, who had no clinical signs or family history of MEN1, later also developed a neuroendocrine carcinoma (atypical carcinoid) of the lung. Our findings indicate that inactivating mutations of the MEN1 tumor-suppressor gene appear not to play a prominent role in the development of sporadic hyperplastic or neoplastic lesions of the adrenal cortex and that the newly reported 5178- 9G→A splice mutation in intron 4 might cause a variant of the MEN1 phenotype.

Originele taal-2Engels
Pagina's (van-tot)373-379
Aantal pagina's7
TijdschriftInternational Journal of Cancer
Volume80
Nummer van het tijdschrift3
DOI's
StatusGepubliceerd - 1999
Extern gepubliceerdJa

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