Purpose To analyse the surgical and oncological outcome of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for tumor nephrectomy in Wilms tumor (WT) patients.
Methods WT patients from the SIOP 2001 trial, undergoing MIS for tumor nephrectomy were analyzed with regard to demographic characterization, surgical specifications, complications, and outcome.
Results There were 24 children matching the inclusion criteria. Median age at operation was 40.35 months (14.3-65.4). All patients received preoperative chemotherapy. Median tumor volume was 177.5 ml at diagnosis (46.5-958) and 73.0 ml at surgery (3.8-776). There was one surgical complication (splenic injury), no intraoperative tumor rupture occurred. Abdominal stage was I in 14, II in 7, and III in 3 patients. Adequate lymph node sampling was performed in only 2 patients. One local relapse occurred. Event-free survival was 23/24, overall survival was 24/24, median follow up was 47 months (2-114).
Conclusions We present the largest series so far of minimally invasive nephrectomies for nephroblastoma based on a multinational trial. Treatment results were comparable to those of open surgery; however, experience of operating surgeons was generally high. Discipline of lymph node sampling was inadequate. Based on this analysis a prospective study on MIS in nephroblastoma is planned by the SIOP Renal Tumor Study Group.
|Tijdschrift||Journal of Pediatric Surgery|
|Nummer van het tijdschrift||11|
|Status||Gepubliceerd - 1 nov. 2014|